Paula M. Ludewig, PhD, PT, FAPTA

Professor, Division of Physical Therapy

Paula M. Ludewig

Contact Info

Office Phone 612-626-0420

Office Address:
Division of Physical Therapy
311 Children's Rehab Ctr
426 Church Street SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Mailing Address:
Division of Physical Therapy
MMC 388
420 Delaware St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

PhD, University of Iowa (Exercise Science), 1998

MA, University of Iowa (Physical Therapy, post-professional), 1994

BA, College of St. Scholastica (Physical Therapy), 1987


Professional Associations

Memberships & Scientific Activities:

  • American Physical Therapy Association Orthopaedics, and Research Sections 
  • American Society of Biomechanics
  • International Society of Biomechanics International Shoulder Group
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy


Research Summary/Interests

Biomechanical mechanisms of musculoskeletal injury and rehabilitation, particularly regarding shoulder dysfunction. Collaborative research with University of Minnesota Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine Institute and Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Research Lab.

Research Funding Grants

Current Funded Research:

Minnesota Medical Foundation: Soft Tissue Compression Risk in Rotator Cuff Disease.


Selected Publications:

  • Ludewig PM, Cook TM: Alterations in shoulder kinematics and associated muscle activity in people with symptoms of shoulder impingement. Phys Ther; 80(3):276-291; 2000.
  • Ludewig PM, Cook TM: Translations of the humerus in persons with shoulder impingement symptoms. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther; 32:248-259; 2002.
  • Ludewig PM, Borstad JD: Effects of a home exercise program on shoulder pain and functional status in construction workers. Occ Environ Med; 60:841-849; 2003.
  • Ludewig PM, Hoff MS, Osowski EA, Meschke SA, Rundquist PJ: Relative balance of serratus anterior and upper trapezius muscle activity during push-up exercises. Am J Sports Med; 32:484-493; 2004.
  • Ludewig PM, Behrens SA, Meyer SM, Spoden SM, Wilson LA: Three-dimensional clavicular motion during arm elevation: reliability and descriptive data. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther; 34:140-149; 2004.
  • Rundquist PJ, Ludewig PM: Patterns of motion loss in subjects with idiopathic loss of shoulder range of motion. Clin Biomech; 19:810-818; 2004.
  • Borstad JD, Ludewig PM: The effect of long versus short pectoralis minor resting length on scapular kinematics in healthy individuals. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther; 35:227-238; 2005.
  • Borich MR, Bright JM, Lorello DJ, Cieminski CJ, Buisman T, Ludewig PM: Scapular angular positioning at end range internal rotation in cases of glehohumeral internal rotation deficit. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther; 36(12):926-934; 2006.
  • Ogston JB, Ludewig PM. Differences in three-dimensional shoulder kinematics between persons with multidirectional instability and asymptomatic controls. Am J Sports Med; 35:1361-70; 2007.
  • Meyer KE, Saether EE, Soiney EK, Shebeck MS, Paddock KL, Ludewig PM. Three-dimensional scapular kinematics during the throwing motion. J Applied Biomech24(1):24-34; 2008.
  • Teece RM, Lunden JB, Lloyd AS, Kaiser AP, Cieminski CJ, Ludewig PM. Three-dimensional acromioclavicular joint motions during elevation of the arm. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 38(4):181-190; 2008.
  • Ludewig PM, Phadke VP, Braman JP, Hassett DJ, Cieminski CJ, LaPrade RF. Motion of the shoulder complex motion during multiplanar humeral elevation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 91:378-389; 2009.
  • Borstad JD, Buetow B, Deppe E, Kyllonen J, Liekhus M, Cieminski CJ, Ludewig PM. A longitudinal analysis of the effects of a preventive exercise programme on the factors that predict shoulder pain in construction apprentices. Ergonomics. 52(2):232-244; 2009.
  • Braman JP, Engel SC, LaPrade RF, Ludewig PM. In-vivo assessment of scapulohumeral rhythm during unconstrained overhead reaching in asymptomatic subjects. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 18(6):960-967; 2009.
  • Ludewig PM, Reynolds JF. The association of scapular kiematics and glenohumeral joint pathologies. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther; 39(2):90-104; 2009. 
  • Phadke V, Camargo PR, Ludewig PM. Scapular and rotator cuff function during arm elevation: A review of normal function and alterations with shoulder impingement. Rev Bras Fisioter; São Carlos; 13(1):1-9; 2009.
  • Lunden JB, Braman JP, LaPrade RF, Ludewig PM. Shoulder kinematics during the wall push-up plus exercise. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 19(2):216-223; 2010.
  • Ludewig PM, Hassett DR, LaPrade RF, Camargo PR, Braman JP. Comparison of scapular local coordinate systems. Clin Biomech. 25(5):415-421; 2010.
  • Braman JP, Thomas BM, LaPrade RF, Phadke V, Ludewig PM. Three-dimensional in vivo kinematics of an osteoarthritic shoulder before and after total shoulder arthroplasty. Knee Surg Sports Trauma Arthro. 18(12):1774-8; 2010.
  • Ludewig PM, Braman JP. Shoulder impingement: Biomechanical considerations in rehabilitation. Manual Ther 16(1):33-9; 2011.
  • Nawoczenski DA, Riek LM, Greco L, Staiti K, Luldewig PM. Effect of shoulder pain on shoulder kinematics during weight bearing tasks in persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 93(8):1421-30; 2012.


Teaching Areas

Biomechanics; Advanced Biomechanics; Research